[191][192] The two leading sports are football and ice hockey. Sporadic rainfall is throughout the year (in Prague, the average number of days per month experiencing at least 0.1 mm (0.0039 in) of rain varies from 12 in September and October to 16 in November) but concentrated rainfall (days with more than 10 mm (0.39 in) per day) are more frequent in the months of May to August (average around two such days per month). [187] Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty has its headquarters in Prague. Jan Hus's followers seceded from some practices of the Roman Church and in the Hussite Wars (1419–1434) defeated five crusades organized against them by Sigismund. Theodoric of Prague was a painter in the Gothic era who decorated the castle Karlstejn. The Czech Republic has ranked as one of the safest or most peaceful countries for the past few decades. [19] After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Nazi Germany systematically took control over the Czech lands. Some churches were restored to their presumed medieval appearance and there were constructed buildings in the Neo-Romanesque, Neo-Gothic and Neo-Renaissance styles. The executive branch of the government consists of the President, the Prime Minister, and the Cabinet. The earliest preserved stone buildings in Bohemia and Moravia date back to the time of the Christianization in the 9th and 10th century. Nuclear power presently provides about 30 percent of the total power needs, its share is projected to increase to 40 percent. The Czech Republic has a diverse economy that ranks 7th in the 2016 Economic Complexity Index. Learn more about Prague. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. Since the Middle Ages, the Czech lands have been using the same architectural styles as most of Western and Central Europe. [164] Founded in 1348, Charles University was the first university in Central Europe. The country has won 14 gold medals in summer and five gold medals in winter Olympic history. In the second half of the 13th century, the royal court in Prague became one of the centers of the German Minnesang and courtly literature. It seemed that some concessions would be made also to Bohemia, but in the end the Emperor Franz Joseph I effected a compromise with Hungary only. law 500/2004, 337/1992. From 1993 until 2012, the President of the Czech Republic was selected by a joint session of the parliament for a five-year term, with no more than two consecutive terms (2x Václav Havel, 2x Václav Klaus). [citation needed], The most watched events in Czechia are Olympic Ice hockey tournaments and Ice Hockey Championships. In the 1946 elections, the Communist Party gained 38%[69] of the votes and became the largest party in the Czechoslovak parliament, formed a coalition with other parties and consolidated power. Czech Republic capital is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 3 times. The Czech Republic is a member of NATO, EU, OECD, OSCE and CoE. The 20th century brought avant-garde revolution. Further south the town of České Budějovice, lent its name to its beer, known as Budweiser Budvar. The city and the country remained under Communist rule until 1989. 10 Countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men, The Most Famous Serial Killers In America And Their Twisted Crimes. [182] The early Czech sound film era was productive, above all in mainstream genres, with the comedies of Martin Frič or Karel Lamač. The coldest temperature ever measured was in Litvínovice near České Budějovice in 1929, at −42.2 °C (−44.0 °F) and the hottest measured, was at 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) in Dobřichovice in 2012. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. [158] The Czech people have been historically characterized as "tolerant and even indifferent towards religion".[159]. Václav Havel Airport in Prague is the main international airport in the country. Find more information on the weather in … Capital Flows in Czech Republic averaged 9203.55 CZK Million from 1993 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 181363.90 CZK Million in May of 2002 and a record low of -69222.66 CZK Million in July of 2019. The city flourished until the death of Charles IV brought his son to power. Production of Czech electricity exceeds consumption by about 10 TWh per year, which are exported. [73] The Czech armed forces consist of the Czech Land Forces, the Czech Air Force and of specialized support units. Czech capital, to Czechs is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 4 times. Czech desserts include a variety of whipped cream, chocolate, and fruit pastries and tarts, crêpes, creme desserts and cheese, poppy-seed-filled and other types of traditional cakes such as buchty, koláče and štrúdl. Both countries went through economic reforms and privatisations, with the intention of creating a market economy. [49] The Mongols in the invasion of Europe carried their raids into Moravia but were defensively defeated at Olomouc. The Codex Gigas from the 12th century is the largest extant medieval manuscript in the world.[174]. This city is located along the banks of the Vltava River in the central northwestern region of the country. The Czech Republic ranks as the 27th most environmentally conscious country in the world in Environmental Performance Index. [175], The Czech Republic has the densest network of libraries in Europe. The Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs have primary roles in setting foreign policy, although the President also has influence and represents the country abroad. In the 14th century Emperor Charles IV invited to his court in Prague architects from France and Germany, Matthias of Arras and Peter Parler. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Czech Republic capital (6) crossword clue. Autumn generally begins in September, which is still warm and dry. [121] By the beginning of 2008, there were over 800 mostly local WISPs,[122][123] with about 350,000 subscribers in 2007. In the Czech lands mainly expressionist and cubist: Josef Čapek, Emil Filla, Bohumil Kubišta, Jan Zrzavý. 2016", "Population by religious belief and by municipality size groups", Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Census of Population and Housing 2011: Basic final results, "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019", "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income - EU-SILC survey", "Publications Office — Interinstitutional style guide — 7.1. The Czech Republic also includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia known for the pristine beauty and amazing architecture. [53], In the "Dark Age" of 1620 to the late 18th century, the population of the Czech lands declined by a third through the expulsion of Czech Protestants as well as due to the war, disease and famine. The current English name comes from the Polish ethnonym associated with the area, which ultimately comes from the Czech word Čech. [101] Czech Republic ranks 24th in both the Index of Economic Freedom[102] and the Global Innovation Index as of 2016[update],[103] 29th in the Global Competitiveness Report,[104] 30th in the ease of doing business index and 25th in the Global Enabling Trade Report. It also has jurisdiction over certain political matters, such as the formation and closure of political parties, jurisdictional boundaries between government entities, and the eligibility of persons to stand for public office. A drama is Karel Čapek's play R.U.R., which introduced the word "robot".[181]. Pilsen, Czech Republic – For sure all of you heard for imposing city of Prague with his classical, stylish bridges and bohemian beer gardens. The president is a formal head of state with limited and specific powers, who appoints the prime minister, as well the other members of the cabinet on a proposal by the prime minister. Moravia, the eastern part of the country, is also hilly. The end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 led to degradation of the political status of Bohemia which lost its position of an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire as well as its own political representation in the Imperial Diet. As of 2012[update], the Slav Epic can be seen in the Veletržní Palace of the National Gallery in Prague, which manages the largest collection of art in the Czech Republic. Are you looking for never-ending fun in this exciting logic-brain app? [66] Although the First Czechoslovak Republic was a unitary state, it provided certain rights to its minorities. Russian gas is imported via Ukraine, Norwegian gas is transported through Germany. The members of the Senate are elected in single-seat constituencies by two-round runoff voting for a six-year term, with one-third elected every even year in the autumn. We use capital of reputable institutional investors to add value to growing businesses. At the beginning of 2004, local-loop unbundling began and alternative operators started to offer ADSL and also SDSL. Live city views of this Prague camera are really worth watching. During these months, there is snow in the mountains and sometimes in the cities and lowlands. This project called Laterna magika, resulting in productions that combined theater, dance and film in a poetic manner, considered the first multimedia art project in international context. This Central European city, inhabited by Slavs, influenced by Europe, and known globally as a top travel destination, is stimulating, accessible, and unforgettable. CAPITAL OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC 'CAPITAL OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC' is a 25 letter phrase starting and ending with C Crossword clues for 'CAPITAL OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC' Clue Answer; Capital of the Czech Republic (6) PRAGUE: Czech capital (6) Capital that's home to … [150] The former Czech prime minister, Jan Fischer, is of Jewish faith. The roots of Czech theatre can be found in the Middle Ages, especially in cultural life of gothic period. Each world has more than 20 groups with 5 puzzles each. During the 18th and 19th century the Czech National Revival began its rise, with the purpose to revive Czech language, culture and national identity. It has a per capita GDP rate that is 91% of the EU average[94] and is a member of the OECD. During the next two centuries, 90% of the population in Bohemian and Moravian lands were considered Hussites. At the highest peak of Sněžka (1,603 m or 5,259 ft), the average temperature is −0.4 °C (31 °F), whereas in the lowlands of the South Moravian Region, the average temperature is as high as 10 °C (50 °F). [51], Efforts for a reform of the church in Bohemia started already in the late 14th century. [16] The Czech Republic has hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. Visually, Prague is a smorgasbord of … Petr Chelčický inspired the movement of the Bohemian Brethren that completely separated from the Catholic Church.[52]. [124][125] Avast is the leading provider of antivirus software, with a 20.5% market share. [147], There were 496,413 (4.5% of population) foreigners residing in the country in 2016, according to the Czech Statistical Office, with the largest groups being Ukrainian (22%), Slovak (22%), Vietnamese (12%), Russian (7%) and German (4%). Click the answer to find similar crossword clues. The antiwar comedy novel The Good Soldier Švejk is the most translated Czech book in history. The Czech Republic is a pluralist multi-party parliamentary representative democracy. Prague, or Praha, as it is known locally, is the capital of the Czech Republic. After the Bohemian Reformation, most Czechs became followers of Jan Hus, Petr Chelčický and other regional Protestant Reformers. [126], Prague is the fifth most visited city in Europe after London, Paris, Istanbul and Rome. The basis of the legal system is the Constitution of the Czech Republic adopted in 1993. Most of the foreign population lives in Prague (37.3%) and Central Bohemia Region (13.2%). The armed forces are managed by the Ministry of Defence. [167] According to the 2016 Euro health consumer index, a comparison of healthcare in Europe, the Czech healthcare is 13th, ranked behind Sweden and two positions ahead of the United Kingdom.[168]. Since our foundation in 1999, we have worked on five private equity funds with a cumulative size of over 200 million euros, or 5 billion Czech crowns. Designations and abbreviations to use", "World Bank Marks Czech Republic's Graduation to 'Developed' Status", "Vláda schválila doplnení jednoslovného názvu Cesko v cizích jazycích do databází OSN", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Czech absolute record temperature registered near Prague", "Tornadoes in Europe: Synthesis of the Observational Datasets", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Mentor and precursor of the Reformation", "Protestantism in Bohemia and Moravia (Czech Republic)", Geopolitics of the Central European region: the view from Prague and Bratislava, History of the Mongols from the 9th to the 19th Century. The first elections under universal male suffrage were held in 1907. [60] The Bohemian Crown lands became part of the so-called Cisleithania. There is a number of beer festivals. [72] The members of the Chamber of Deputies are elected for a four-year term by proportional representation, with a 5% election threshold. The tax is paid only from the surplus. On 1 July 2006, Český Telecom was acquired by globalized company (Spain-owned) Telefónica group and adopted the new name Telefónica O2 Czech Republic. [62] In 1929 compared to 1913, the gross domestic product increased by 52% and industrial production by 41%. Water from the Czech Republic flows to three different seas: the North Sea, Baltic Sea and Black Sea. The main tourist attractions include Charles Bridge, Strahov Monastery, Petřín Lookout Tower, Liechtenstein Palace, St. Nicholas Church. One Nazi concentration camp was located within the Czech territory at Terezín, north of Prague. Masaryk a legie (Masaryk and legions), váz. Brutalism dominated in the 1970s and 1980s. [129][130] Since 2005, Prague's mayor, Pavel Bém, has worked to improve this reputation by cracking down on petty crime[130] and, aside from these problems, Prague is a "safe" city. After the Habsburgs regained control of Bohemia, the whole population was forcibly converted to Catholicism—even the Utraquist Hussites. The oldest still standing churches were built in the Romanesque style. The government of the Czech Republic functions as a representative democracy, which means that an elected public officer represents a large group of the population. In 1938 Czechoslovakia held 10th place in the world industrial production. The Chamber of Deputies, the successor to the Czech National Council, has the powers and responsibilities of the now defunct federal parliament of the former Czechoslovakia. A controlled foreign company is a company in which a Czech controlling entity holds (directly or indirectly) at least 50 percent of the voting rights or registered capital or is entitled to more than 50 percent of the profits and whose effective tax liability is less than one half of what it would have been in the Czech Republic. Czech Republic is a Czech speaking country any sea. After the period of Nazi occupation and early communist official dramaturgy of socialist realism in movies at the turn of the 1940s and 1950s with a fewer exceptions such as Krakatit or Men without wings (awarded by Palme d'Or in 1946), an era of the Czech film began with animated films, performed in anglophone countries under the name "The Fabulous World of Jules Verne" from 1958, which combined acted drama with animation, and Jiří Trnka, the founder of the modern puppet film. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule. By 6th century AD, Slavic tribes had taken over present-day Prague. [43] In the sixth century, the Huns had moved westwards into Bohemia, Moravia, and some of present-day Austria and Germany. [184], The Barrandov Studios in Prague are the largest film studios with film locations in the country. [171], In the 18th century Bohemia produced an architectural peculiarity – the Baroque Gothic style, a synthesis of the Gothic and Baroque styles.[169]. [6] From 1991 to 2001 and further to 2011 the adherence to Catholicism decreased from 39% to 27% and then to 10%; Protestantism similarly declined from 3.7% to 2% and then to 0.8%. Czech Pilsen beer is known to many. The Nazi Generalplan Ost called for the extermination, expulsion, Germanization or enslavement of most or all Czechs for the purpose of providing more living space for the German people. A personality of the 1960s and the beginning of the 1970s with original manuscript and psychological impact is František Vláčil. Government-owned Český Telecom slowed down broadband penetration. Bohemia was from 1002 until 1806 an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire. The road network in the Czech Republic is 55,653 km (34,581.17 mi) long. 100 TWh in 2003–2005) is almost double electricity consumption. [112] Česká zbrojovka is among the ten largest firearms producers in the world and five who produce automatic weapons.[113]. There are 12 cathedrals and 15 churches elevated to the rank of basilica by the Pope, calm monasteries. [97] According to Allianz A.G., in 2018 the country was an MWC (mean wealth country), ranking 26th in net financial assets. Later, the city became the seat of various dukes and kings. The Czech passport is restricted by visas. There is no separate capital gains tax in the Czech Republic. Czech Republic capital -- Find potential answers to this crossword clue at crosswordnexus.com The Slovak language may be considered an official language in the Czech Republic under certain circumstances, as defined by several laws – e.g. The Programme for International Student Assessment, coordinated by the OECD, currently ranks the Czech education system as the 15th most successful in the world, higher than the OECD average. In the 19th century, the Czech lands became more industrialized, becoming part of the First Czechoslovak Republic following the collapse of the Austria-Hungary after World War I. [153] At the 2010 US census, there were 1,533,826 Americans of full or partial Czech descent. Spring is also characterized by higher water levels in the rivers, due to melting snow with occasional flooding. He is a self-labeled surrealist known for animations and features. Several battles of the Napoleonic Wars took place on the current territory of the Czech Republic. Goose, duck, rabbit and venison are served. MTX automobile company was formerly engaged in the manufacture of racing and formula cars since 1969. In the 19th century, the theatre played a role in the national awakening movement and later, in the 20th century it became a part of the modern European theatre art. [165] The UN Education Index ranks the Czech Republic 10th as of 2013[update] (positioned behind Denmark and ahead of South Korea). [105] Between World Wars I and II, Functionalism, with its sober, progressive forms, took over as the main architectural style.[169]. Today, Prague continues to have an important role as a political and economic center for the Czech Republic. [58] Serfdom was abolished between 1781 and 1848. He is known for Art Nouveau posters and his cycle of 20 large canvases named the Slav Epic, which depicts the history of Czechs and other Slavs. Given its location in the center of Europe, armies from all sides always wanted to come through what is today the Czech Republic. [56] In 1679–1680 the Czech lands faced the Great Plague of Vienna and an uprising of serfs.[57]. There is a network of around 40,000 km of marked short- and long-distance trails crossing the whole country and all the Czech mountains. Defence spending is approximately 1.19% of the GDP (2019). The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. [138] The life expectancy in 2013 was estimated at 77.56 years (74.29 years male, 81.01 years female). In the first half of the 19th century, Josef Mánes joined the romantic movement. [77] The Penal Code is effective from 2010. The oldest is Krkonoše National Park (Biosphere Reserve), and the others are Šumava National Park (Biosphere Reserve), Podyjí National Park, Bohemian Switzerland. [136], The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2015 was estimated at 1.57 children born/woman, which is below the replacement rate of 2.1. The protectorate was proclaimed part of the Third Reich, and the president and prime minister were subordinated to the Nazi Germany's Reichsprotektor. Czech Republic recorded a capital and financial account deficit of 6594.01 CZK Million in November of 2020. Great Moravia was Christianized, with a role being played by the Byzantine mission of Cyril and Methodius. From 1991, the Czech Republic, originally as part of Czechoslovakia and since 1993 in its own right, has been a member of the Visegrád Group and from 1995, the OECD. Source: Oskar Krejčí, Martin C. Styan, Ústav politických vied SAV. In 2004 the army transformed itself into a fully professional organization and compulsory military service was abolished. Czech-language literature can be divided into several periods: the Middle Ages; the Hussite period; the Renaissance humanism; the Baroque period; the Enlightenment and Czech reawakening in the first half of the 19th century, modern literature in second half of the 19th century; the avant-garde of the interwar period; the years under Communism; and the Czech Republic. In 2005, 65.4 percent of electricity was produced by steam and combustion power plants (mostly coal); 30 percent by nuclear plants; and 4.6 percent from renewable sources, including hydropower. [183] This began a tradition of animated films (Mole etc.). Škoda Transportation is the fourth largest tramway producer in the world; nearly one third of all trams in the world come from Czech factories. Capital gains constitute part of the aggregate individual income tax base subject to progressive personal income tax rates depending on the overall level of gross income. For privately owned television services, there is TV Nova, the most popular channel in the Czech Republic. Munich Area, Germany Business Analyst at Advisory Services (Performance Improvement) EY Apr 2016 - Jan 2018 1 year 10 months. The older seventy-six districts (okresy, singular okres) including three "statutory cities" (without Prague, which had special status) lost most of their importance in 1999 in an administrative reform; they remain as territorial divisions and seats of various branches of state administration. [119] České dráhy (the Czech Railways) is the main railway operator in the Czech Republic, with about 180 million passengers carried yearly. The Czech Republic has ties with Slovakia, Poland and Hungary as a member of the Visegrad Group,[82] as well as with Germany,[83] Israel,[84] the United States[85] and the European Union and its members. The international literary award the Franz Kafka Prize is awarded in the Czech Republic. [77] The Supreme Court and the Supreme Administrative Court are both based in Brno, as is the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office.[77]. [188] A news webpage in the Czech Republic is ct24.cz, which is owned by Czech Television – the only national public television service – and its 24-hour news channel ČT24. The etymology of the word Čech can be traced back to the Proto-Slavic root *čel-, meaning "member of the people; kinsman", thus making it cognate to the Czech word člověk (a person). EUR 65,140). Under the reign of King Wenceslaus IV, the city experienced violence against its Jewish community, attempts at religious reform, and a peasant revolt. [63] This new country incorporated the Bohemian Crown.[64]. [61], In 1918, during the collapse of the Habsburg Monarchy at the end of World War I, the independent republic of Czechoslovakia, which joined the winning Allied powers, was created, with Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in the lead. A new Civil code became effective in 2014. The German occupation ended on 9 May 1945, with the arrival of the Soviet and American armies and the Prague uprising.[68]. The capital gains are taxed in the Czech Republic through the tax return, where they are included in the taxpayer’s general tax base (subject to 15 percent flat rate). [55] The flowering of Baroque culture shows the ambiguity of this historical period. [67] There was Czechoslovak resistance to Nazi occupation as well as reprisals against the Czechoslovaks for their anti-Nazi resistance. [79] The embassies of most countries with diplomatic relations with the Czech Republic are located in Prague, while consulates are located across the country. [75], The Czech Republic is a unitary state,[76] with a civil law system based on the continental type, rooted in Germanic legal culture. This country encompasses an area of 30,450 square miles and has a population of 10,553,443. [164] Additionally, the Czech Republic has a "relatively equal" educational system in comparison with other countries in Europe. Other most popular sports according to the size of the membership base of sports clubs include tennis, volleyball, floorball, golf, ball hockey, athletics, basketball and skiing.[193]. Moreover, an additional tax of 7% is to be paid from the income from independent activity and employment, if the total income (in case of employment) or tax base (in case of self-employment) exceeds CZK 1,672,080 (approx. Prague lies in the temperate climate region of the northern hemisphere of the Earth, thus the climate is mild, with average temperatures a bit higher than other locations of the same geographical latitude. A sport done here is hiking. 3 Národnost československých státních příslušníků podle žup a zemí k 15 February 1921", "Ekonomika ČSSR v letech padesátých a šedesátých", Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, "The Constitution of the Czech Republic – Article 16", "Klaus signs Czech direct presidential election implementing law", "The Czech Republic's Membership in International Organizations", "The Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index 2018. The coldest month is usually January, followed by February and December. We follow clear investment criteria. The Czech Republic mostly has a temperate oceanic climate, with warm summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters. The first complete printed Czech Bible was published in 1488. 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Cultural phenomenon came into being at the 2010 US census, there were constructed buildings in the country 's regions... Government consists of the 1970s with original manuscript and psychological impact is František Vláčil flourished until Soviet... Dates back to the northeast, czech republic capital multicultural center 10 TWh per year, ultimately!, in the Gothic style started to be 20,000 representing 0.2 % of the tourist attractions include Charles,... Of titles with various vehicles around the World. [ 52 ] known. 90 % of the Czech lands Austria to the landlocked geographical position. [ 174....