During Deborah’s time the twelve tribes of Israel lived more or less independently, each one in his part of the country. And she concludes her song of praise to G‑d with these words: Above women in the tent shall she be blessed . how did deborah become a judge. Reply, RE: Deborah's Judgments As I have stated before, she was a warrior too. A prophetess named Deborah judged or made rulings for the people of Israel under a palm tree … . Deborah begins by praising the men in Israel who consecrated themselves to the war of liberation: Then the people offer themselves willingly. Instead of fully trusting God, Barak refused to go unless Deborah accompanied him to inspire the troops. God raised up Deborah to be judge after the people had been treated harshly by King Jabin of Hazor. Deborah is one of the heroic women of history. She went along and they defeated Sisera’s army. Some Biblical scholars have suggested that "lappidot" was not the name of Deborah's husband but rather the phrase "eshet lappidot" means quite literally "woman of torches", a reference to Deborah's fiery nature. The Israelites had been disobeying God, so God allowed Jabin, a king of Canaan, to oppress them. The period in which Deborah lived is known as the period of the Judges, and she was in fact the judge in her time. Being a prophetess must have helped Deborah to solve these disputes spiritually rather than simply politically or judicially. They may, however, do so during other times.b. God chose all of His prophets and judges. She ruled about 1237BC—1198BC, she was also a prophetess. . bless the Lord!” (Judges 5:2) Deborah not only praises God for the men who did lead; in verses 16–17, she also names and reproaches the ones who did not. After the death of Ehud; Israel once again disobeyed until God raised up Deborah – a woman Judge. It was something that God called her to do. (Exodus 18). According to author Joseph Telushkin in his book Jewish Literacy, the only thing known about Deborah's private life was the name of her husband, Lapidot (or Lappidoth). Could it be that this custom developed long after her day? Her story is told in the Book of Judges, Chapters 4 and 5. While it’s not entirely clear why Deborah is not listed in Hebrews 11, we must avoid reading too much into her absence. a woman.’ Then Deborah arose and went with Barak to Kedesh” (Judges 4:9). I do not think it is a coincidence that this seemingly minor detail is included in the story. Deborah’s Ministry was Private Versus Public. This past week, something very unusual happened on the lake. The Father keeps His promises. Deborah's dwelling under the palm-tree (Judges iv. . Deborah's Prophecy About Sisera Comes True, David and Goliath Bible Story Study Guide, Meet Miriam: Moses' Sister and Prophetess During the Exodus, Abigail and David - Abigail Was King David's Wisest Wife, Biography of Moses, Leader of the Abrahamic Religions, Queen Esther's Story and Jewish Purim Holiday. . Kehot Publication Society and Merkos Publications, the publishing divisions of the Lubavitch movement, have brought Torah education to nearly every Jewish community in the world, and are the world's largest publisher of Jewish literature. Reply, Did Deborah have children? From The Blog Home » Blog » Uncategorized » how did deborah become a judge. Whether this theory is true or not, it was Deborah who urged Barak into battle when Sisera and his troops arrived (Judges 4:14). T Deborah was a judge that mainly settled disputes " holding court under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the mountains of Ephraim " (Judges 4:5). Deborah was both a prophetess and ruler of the people of ancient Israel, the only woman among the twelve judges. There was a dire need for her services. The Israelite warriors won the day, and General Sisera fled the battleground on foot. When Deborah felt that she had helped the people to return to G‑d, she sent for Barak, the son of Abinoam. There are mainly two ways in which the Judges … The reference to Jabin of Hazor is confusing since the Book of Joshua says that it was Joshua who conquered Jabin and burned Hazor, one of the main Canaanite city-states, to the ground a century earlier. Deborah witnessed the arrival of the Philistines and the collapse of the LB age in times of peace. Reply, Deborah didn't actually speak to a star, but in her song of victory, she states, "'Curse you Meroz,' said the messenger of the Lord, 'curse you bitterly (you) inhabitants thereof,' because they came not to the aid of the Lord, to the aid of the Lord against the mighty." Deborah Becomes Israel’s Judge. Reply, I noticed that years ago and got so tickled. Then she describes the terrible battle, and the wonderful miracles that helped Israel to victory: The brook Kishon swept them away, That ancient brook, the brook of Kishon. The theory is that rains produced mud that bogged down Sisera's chariots. She then led Barak into the tent, and there lay the cruel general, dead. Sisera lived in a town called Harosheth Haggoyim. Deborah the judge. Reply, when was Deborah bornwhen did she die She ruled about 1237BC—1198BC, she was also a prophetess. The overjoyed Jewish troops pursued them to the very hometown of Sisera, Charosheth, and not a single soldier of the Canaanites escaped. . As a compassionate woman, (she is called "a mother in Israel") living in the hills not far north of Jerusalem, she must have become aware of the suffering and hardship of her people who lived in Galilee. Deborah was a judge in the Old Testament. Reply, does anyone know more about her family other than from the tribe of Ephraim and husband of Lapidoth? Having received instruction from God, Deborah summoned an Israelite warrior named Barak. She would sit (i.e., give legal counsel) under the Date Palm Tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the Ephraimite hill country. Hear, 0 ye kings; give ear, 0 ye princes. Her name “Deborah”, and her identification as a “Woman of Lappidoth”, may also signify that she was an outstanding woman. As the story opens in Judges 4, Deborah is already a judge, settling disputes brought to her while she sits under the palm of Deborah in the hill country of Ephraim (4:5). By placing Deborah in this prominent position of leadership, God was perhaps challenging the men of Israel to step forward and be willing to follow God as she did. Gideon was of the tribe of Manasseh and was used by God to achieve a mighty victory over the Midianites, who had been oppressing Israel. The exact way she became a judge is not listed but it was probably due in part to her being a prophetess. Deborah is introduced in Judges 4:4 as “Now Deborah, a woman prophet, a woman of Lappidoth, she judged Israel...” Her story shows that she was an outstanding woman who served God’s people well. Reply, Deborah Dov in Hebrew which has the same root as bee and honeyDevora and dvash Reply, Correction, she led the Jewish people for 40 years from 2654 - 2694 There, where everyone could hear her, she warned the Jewish people and urged them to leave their evil ways and return to G‑d. Seizing her opportunity, Jael tiptoed into the tent and drove a tent peg through Sisera's head with a mallet. And this week we will talk about a woman named Deborah who became judge over her people Israel. Packed full of adventure and eye-opening insights, children can explore the wonders of G-d's creations in "In Nature's Wonderland," discover leaders of our people in "Gallery of our Great," and much more. The Israelites recognised her authority as judge. She was wise and helped the people solve their problems. how did deborah become a judge November 11, 2020 by admin in Uncategorized. For Deborah to qualify to become a judge, she had to be capable, knowledgeable of God's laws, God-fearing, trustworthy, and a person who could not be bribed. Judges 4:4 says, “Now Deborah, a prophetess, [a woman] of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time. In the midst of the sin and idolatry, Deborah remained true to G‑d and His Torah. Reply, Wow, that is so beautiful and so true. Deborah agreed to accompany him, but she warned him that although he would gain victory, the glory would not be his, but a woman's. . Deborah witnessed the arrival of the Philistines and the collapse of the LB age in times of peace. Her duties included the leadership of Israel (executive After the victory, Barak and Deborah sang a hymn of praise to God found in Judges 5, called the Song of Deborah. Jabin ruled in a city named Hazor. Heber had been on good terms with Jabin, the king of Hazor, the ruler of the Canaanites, and Sisera was only too happy to accept the invitation of Jael, Heber's wife, to bide him in the house until the Jewish army would have passed. O my soul, tread them down with strength! The fourth of the judges who ruled over the Jewish people after the death of Joshua, was not a man, but a woman, one of the most famous of all times, the Prophetess Deborah. Reply, i am wondering the same thing toooo man in response to Malkie Janowski for Chabad.org: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism, On the Haftarah: The Greatness of Jewish Women. Judge Deborah Batts, the nation's first openly gay federal judge, died on Sunday. One of the reasons she held court under a palm tree was to avoid seclusion indoors with unrelated men. His cruel general Sisera oppressed the Jews for twenty years. Barak is a "judge" in that sense. Judges 4 Easy-to-Read Version (ERV) Deborah, the Judge. Our sages tell us, that at the advice of his wife he furnished large wicks and oil for the lights of the sanctuary of Shiloh, which burned like torches. If Deborah judged for 20 years, did she judge both male and females? Women do matter to God. If not, how could one to whom G-d spoke be too unclean or unworthy to do so? This was the time when the Jewish people had not yet become united under one king, which came later, in the times of King Saul and King David. Yes, Deborah taught both men and women. At her feet he sank, he fell, he lay; At her feet he sank, he fell; Deborah's aim was accomplished. A differing opinion is that Meroz is a star. Deciding legal cases took so much of his time and energy, that Moses' father-in-law recommended that other judges be given authority to handle all but the most difficult cases. Judges 6:1-8:35. Barak should have seen that it was the time to fight on his own, based upon what God had already said. Deborah’s courage and wisdom in calling up an army to break Hazor’s control gave the Israelites 40 years of peace. It was during this time of King Jabin’s oppressive rule that we first read of Deborah. Deborah seems to have held her court under the palm tree of Deborah for a number of years, this may have been for more than thirty years. 5 Barak refused to fight unless Deborah accompanied him. Over the years, these lilies have become so prolific they are now encroaching on the swimming area and the open water. Gideon was asked by God to get a group of fighting men. 4 After Ehud’s death, the Israelites again did evil in the Lord ’s sight. This exchange between Barak and Deborah depicts the prevailing attitude in Israel during the period of the judges: “…everyone did what was right in his own eyes” (Judges 17:6; 21:25). Barak said: "If you will go with me, I will go; if not I will not go" (Judges 4:8). The commander of Jabin’s army was named Sisera, and he had 900 iron chariots – formidable weapons against Israel’s foot soldiers (Judges 4:3). Their practice was to seek guidance from God through prayer and meditation before making a ruling. During Deborah’s time the twelve tribes of Israel lived more or less independently, each one in his part of the country. I’ve also learned that women were responsible for the maintenance of the tents in which they lived...my sister, Jael, knew how to handle the tent peg. Or perhaps she acquired her authority by offering sage advice that led to a victory, or by predicting an important matter that came true. She was one of the most talented women of the Bible – a wife, mother, prophetess, judge, poetess, singer, and political leader. She told him to take 10,000 troops up to Mount Tabor to confront Jabin's general, Sisera, who led an army made up of 900 iron chariots. Barak was Deborah's protege, her second-in-command—his name means lightning but he would not strike until he was ignited by Deborah's power. It was something that God called her to do. They quickly gained the upper hand. He escaped to the camp of the Kenites, a Bedouin tribe that traced its heritage back to Jethro, Moses' father-in-law. Then goes out her war cry, and the tribes gather behind her banner: Awake, awake, Deborah, awake, awake, utter a song! In the next verse, Deborah agreed to go into battle with the troops but told him: "However, there will be no glory for you in the course you are taking, for then the Lord will deliver Sisera into the hands of a woman" (Judges 4:9). And this week we will talk about a woman named Deborah who became judge over her people Israel. Deborah, a Judge, used to hold court while sitting beneath a palm tree. Reply, was deborah a busIness woman as well? from evil), capable (knowledgeable about the will of God), and love, fear, The first one was actually the most common way in which the Judges were chosen. Reply, And the animal known to love honey is the bear. 4 After Ehud died, the people again did what the Lord said was wrong. Is it true that Deborah was the nurse in Isaac and Rebekah household before she became a prophetess, although the nurse mentioned in Genesis 24 was not named. Same with victory being in the hands of a woman – Jaels gender isn’t the point, her willingness is. 1. Deborah, a prophetess and a "judge" had more of the role of a godly counselor and deliverer than the courtroom judges of modern times. The Jewish Virtual Library recounts a tradition that this decisive battle took place during the rainy season from October to December, although there is no date reference in the scripture. Her life is a wonderful illustration of the power that womanhood has to influence society for good. I imagine she got him with one strike of the mallet. This passage, often called The Song of Deborah, may dat How could she do otherwise? If she did, how many? Wasn't the Habiru, kind of adventurers, soldiers of fortune, who came from far east, the ones that defeat Canaan's tyranny? Two important points:a. A man named Sisera was the commander of King Jabin’s army. Thus Deborah's predictions came true: the highest glory of the victory belonged to a woman, not to Barak, and Deborah herself glorified the brave Jael in the immortal "Song of Deborah.". Reply, To Diane: Judge Deborah was one of the rulers of the Hebrews (and the only female leader) in the Old Testament. Answer: The account of Deborah and Barak is found in Judges 4 and 5 in the Old Testament. Then the prophetess goes on to sing of G‑d's might in days of old; she describes Israel's plight under the oppression of the bands of Canaanites, when all travel on the highways was abandoned, and the people had no weapons with which to defend themselves. For even the strongest and noblest of the men of those days had given up hope of turning the tide against the Canaanites' oppression and idolatry. Did Deborah become a judge in the same way, by leading a group in battle? She was to send for a man named Barak in Naphtali and tell him to take ten thousand soldiers to Mount Tabor. A prophetess named Deborah judged or made rulings for the people of Israel under a palm tree … You are reading into something that isn’t there. Seeing this, the brave Jael decided to make Sisera pay for all the cruelties he had committed against the Jewish people. God will lead us to use our skills, no matter how simple they may appear, to be used for His purpose. The enemies were Jabin, King of Canaan and his forces along with Sisera, Canaan’s military commander. Dousing the Fiery Woman: The Diminishing of the Prophetess Deborah. She judged under a palm tree—a setting, rabbinic tradition maintains, that validated her fairness, openness, and refusal to show partiality. T Therefore, many of the judges also were considered prophets who spoke "a word from the Lord.". 3 Sisera, who had 900 iron chariots, ruthlessly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years. how did deborah become a judge November 11, 2020 by admin in Uncategorized. Rains turned the battlefield into mud, and the chariots were stuck. Terrified by the sudden turn of events, the mighty warriors of Sisera fled in all directions. Deborah is one of the heroic women of history. Yet the writer of Judges refers only to Deborah as the judge to whom the word of the Lord came (Judges 4:4, 6). Her life is a wonderful illustration of the power that womanhood has to influence society for good. Deborah was the only woman Judge or Ruler of Israel. bless the Lord!” (Judges 5:2) Deborah not only praises God for the men who did lead; in verses 16–17, she also names and reproaches the ones who did not. The Israelites had been under the control of the Canaanite king Jabin and the commander of his army, Sisera. Deborah the judge. But suddenly G‑d threw confusion into their ranks. Naturally, the well-trained and armored Canaanite troops had no difficulty at first. Being a prophetess must have helped Deborah to solve these disputes spiritually rather than simply politically or judicially. When Deborah became judge, the Israelites had been subjugated for 20 years by Jabin, king of Canaan. Reply, What I love about this is the continued promised theme of Milk and Honey.Deborah meaning bee (one who produces honey) and Jael who gives milk. For forty happy years the Jews lived in peace under the wise guardianship of Deborah and Barak. In chapter 4, you can check the story about her successful counterattack. Verse 9 reveals her heart for God’s ordained leaders: “My heart goes out to the commanders of Israel who offered themselves willingly among the people. Traditionally the major judges are Othniel, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson. Judges 4:4-5 simply states: “Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, was judging Israel at that time. These rulers were called “mishpat,” which is translated as “judges.” A role that originated back when Moses appointed helpers to assist him in resolving arguments among the people. Where in the bible did Deborah speak to the star Thus, our Sages say, was the effect of this holy woman on everyone around her: spreading the light of Torah. God raised up Deborah to be judge after the people had been treated harshly by King Jabin of Hazor. November 12, 2020 ; Uncategorized; 0 Comments; Deborah gives her prophetic message to Barak in the form of a question. The same with 'blessings..When she looked to the Star. Deborah plays a crucial role in this battle. Most of the major figures in the Book of Judges are acknowledged as leaders after military victory; Deborah is a judge before the battle, but the narrative does not include the story of how she became judge, why she is called a prophetess, or the way in which God commanded her to begin the battle against Jabin, the Canaanite king of Hazor, and his ge… Deborah's story would stand out even without her unusual role as a military leader. During the battle, Sisera escaped and hid in the tent … According to one view, he was a mighty man who did not come to the aid of the Jewish army. Verse 9 reveals her heart for God’s ordained leaders: “My heart goes out to the commanders of Israel who offered themselves willingly among the people. Deborah became Judge at a time when Israel was experiencing a spiritual and moral decline, partly due to the loss of their national leaders, Moses and Joshua. Does Deborah have a lineage that can be traced to solidify the story in the Bible? Reply, Deborah means bee :) The wisest animal! God spoke to Deborah under her palm tree between Bethel and Ramah. There are mainly two ways in which the Judges … Sisera asked for sanctuary in the tent of Jael (or Yael), wife of the clan leader. Deborah stands out due to both her spiritual and civil leadership. The period in which Deborah lived is known as the period of the Judges, and she was in fact the judge in her time. Jael was a very clever woman and the 2nd hero of this story. Similarly our Sages explain that she sat under a palm-tree to show to the world that the Jewish people was all united and turning their eyes again to G‑d, like the leaves of the palm turn upward together, towards heaven. (Judges, 5:23). Deborah lived in the Mountains of Ephraim, between Ramah and Beth-El. It was then that G‑d sent them Deborah the Prophetess. Reply, Question All was not well, however. Judges 4:1-24 and 5:1-31. Did Deborah study Torah in order to render judgments? God spoke to Deborah under her palm tree between Bethel and Ramah. We can safely say that Deborah did not become a judge or a prophetess by her own choice. As I have stated … She was 72. Arguably, Deborah first was recognized as a prophet, then as judge/leader, next in a military role (5:15), and finally as a songstress. Barak refused to fight unless Deborah accompanied him. These rulers were called mishpat —" judges,"—an office that traced back to a time when Moses appointed assistants to help him resolve disputes among the Hebrews (Exodus 18). After Ehud's death the Jews forsook the ways of the Torah and adopted many of the idols of the people about them. Deborah was a judge that mainly settled disputes " holding court under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the mountains of Ephraim " (Judges 4:5). Deborah became Judge at a time when Israel was experiencing a spiritual and moral decline, partly due to the loss of their national leaders, Moses and Joshua. Deborah lived in the mountainous region of Ephraim, between the towns of Bethel and Ramah. “Please give me a little water to drink, for I am thirsty.” So she (Jael) opened a jug of milk, gave him (Sisera) a drink, and covered him. Deborah didn’t tell Barak to lead, she lead him to do his job as a military general, she wasn’t giving him her job as judge of Israel. The war was won with women who gave forth G-ds promise of Milk and Honey, which represented the promised land of peaceful and happy living. She told Barak, commander of an army of Israel, that the Lord wanted him to fight an enemy named Sisera. There is no indication who Deborah's parents were, what kind of work Lapidot did, or whether they had any children. 2 So the Lord allowed King Jabin of Canaan to defeat the Israelites. Deborah ranks among the most famous women of the Hebrew Bible, known to Christians as the Old Testament. It was fortunate that Deborah had such a tremendous influence. Her assignment was surely challenging, but Deborah did not allow it to daunt her. During Deborah’s 40 years of peace which ended in 1144 BC in northern Israel, the Philistines were establishing themselves in southern Israel, but did not start oppressing Judah until 1118 BC. Many years ago, the original owner (who homesteaded the property) planted some water lilies along the shore. By placing Deborah in this prominent position of leadership, God was perhaps challenging the men of Israel to step forward and be willing to follow God as she did. The Talmud in Moed Katan 16a cites two opinions as to the identity of Meroz. Judges 4, 5. The commander of Jabin’s army was named Sisera, and he had 900 iron chariots – formidable weapons against Israel’s foot soldiers (Judges 4:3). The entire Jewish nation respected this great prophetess. The Israelites were treated very cruelly by Sisera and his army, and Israel’s spirits were very low. The famous Song of Deborah is in many ways similar to the Song of Moses, which he and Israel sang after the miracle at the Red Sea. Thirsty, he asked for water, but she gave him milk and curds, a heavy meal that caused him to fall asleep. Also that "cursing" amounts to a prophetic.. (in the future) type of curse, which was heard several times by different people, Noah for one on Ham, even G-d used that phrase. Reply, woman teaching men is it biblical ? Deborah was the wife of a man whose name was Lapidoth, which means "torches." She was truly remarkable: a judge, a military strategist, a poet, and a prophet. During Deborah’s 40 years of peace which ended in 1144 BC in northern Israel, the Philistines were establishing themselves in southern Israel, but did not start oppressing Judah until 1118 BC. She held court under the Palm Tree of Deborah in the hill country of Ephraim, deciding the people's disputes. Deborah’s Leadership Roles and Qualities The fact that Deborah was a woman is clearly mentioned—the Hebrew word ishshah (“woman”) occurs twice in Judges 4:4 —but there is no hint in the text that her gender was in any way a problem. Thus Jael gained fame for killing Sisera, which diminished Barak's fame for his victory over King Jabin's army, as Deborah had predicted. The Israelites had been under the control of the Canaanite king Jabin and the commander of his army, Sisera. Deborah arose at God's instruction. Reply, I think that "Meroz" was an accumulation of tribes who did 'not' come to the aid of Deborah and Barak. Perhaps the New Testament writer meant to list only those who literally conquered kingdoms. The Israelites had been disobeying God, so God allowed Jabin, a king of Canaan, to oppress them. She did not become a judge or prophetess of her own will. Both Deborah and Barak saw to it that the Jews remained loyal to G‑d Whom they had forsaken during the Canaanite reign. The story never tells us. While Deborah went with the army, she did not engage in battle. Judge Deborah Batts, the nation's first openly gay federal judge, died on Sunday. She was the wife of Lapidoth and held court under the palm tree of Deborah. God then told him how to select these men. These rulers were called “mishpat,” which is translated as “judges.” A role that originated back when Moses appointed helpers to assist him in resolving arguments among the people. Deborah, a Judge, used to hold court while sitting beneath a palm tree. Sisera possessed a well-trained army of cavalry. Deborah's courage and wisdom in calling up an army to break Hazor's control gave the Israelites 40 years of peace. Reply, Question Women do not touch the Torah whilst menstruating. The Jewish Virtual Library suggests that Barak's response to Deborah "shows the high esteem in which this ancient prophetess was held." Milk was actually a calculating choice on the part of Jael because it would cause this weary soldier to grow tired and sleep and she knew it. To ensure that he would sleep, she covered him as if to hide him, but the warmth and perhaps lower oxygen under a skin covering would help the warm milk do it job. Deborah’s courage and wisdom in calling up an army to break Hazor’s control gave the Israelites 40 years of peace.